Queensland was once a part of New South Wales, only separating from it in 1859. Brisbane developed into a city famous for its sunshine and relaxed atmosphere. Tourists visiting the remarkable natural wonders in the rest of Queensland use Brisbane as their starting point and base, but there is much more to Brisbane than just the city centre. Agriculture and industry across Greater Brisbane contribute to its economy, providing employment for thousands of people. There are still uncrowded beaches and areas of bushland not far from the city centre, and the beautiful islands of Moreton Bay have historic sites that will intrigue any visitor interested in Brisbane's past.
Each of Australia's eight capital cities has a unique history. Some, like Sydney, depended on convicts for their early survival. Others, such as Adelaide, refused to accept convicts and developed differently as a result. Having a reliable source of fresh water was a common requirement, which is why all of the cities are located beside a water supply of some sort. Many cities struggled through their early years, until the 19th century Gold Rush provided them with the funds to build magnificent civic buildings, as well as roads, bridges and railways. Today, each of the capitals has its own character and attractions, and their development plans will determine the shape of Australia's future.